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Request for help identifying an infection/disease

jessicaftsmithjessicaftsmith Posts: 3
edited July 2020 in Problem solving
Hello, 

I'd be grateful for some help in identifying something that seems to be killing my entire garden. I've tried a range of measures and it continues to kill everything, including the grass. 

I live in terraced housing and some of my neighbours take real pride in their gardens. Fortunately it hasn't obviously spread to theirs yet, but it would be awful if I wasn't able to get this under control and I was responsible for destroying everybody's gardens. 

I sent a number of images to a professional gardener a while back. He diagnosed it as a bad case of powdery mildew, but I suspect this is a misdiagnosis. I live near some public marshes, and I can see A LOT of powdery mildew there, but what's on my plants doesn't look much like it. 

I've treated the garden for powdery mildew using the ecofective Bug and Mildew treatment but it's been windy and raining pretty persistently ever since. I can see that it's still spreading, however. 

There could be more than one issue at play here, but it seems to have killed the following:
  • Some but not all tomatoes
  • Parsnip
  • Peas and a variety of beans (broad beans, soy beans, purple and green French beans)
  • Herbs: lemon balm, mint and a creeping red thyme that had survived the winter were worst hit. Fennel had been a rampant indestructible weed in the garden last summer; there's none this year. Basil seems immune. 
  • Radishes (after a successful batch early this year, I planted another batch after the disease was visible - not one shoot appeared)
  • Flowers (calendula, dahlia, nasturtiums and other mixed flowers I planted last yea. I could see them starting to grow, then their thick leaves turned reddish and then brown and dry)
  • Greens (Kale, rocket & lettuce, cabbage: green & red, broccoli)
  • Weeds in abundance (green alkanet & comfrey)
  • A small tree I couldn't identify with pink fluffy blossoms - the leaves are affected and it has had no blossom this year.
Please note I'm listing all the plants that have shown some comparable symptoms, rather than things that I know died because of my negligence (this is my second year of having access to a garden, so there were a few).

I'm going to describe the issue chronologically and keep it as short as possible. I apologise in advance for the mini-essay. 

1. I spent considerable time sieving the soil in Spring. As I had moved into a rented property in London last year, I wasn't confident in the quality of the soil and was sick of finding things like sharp glass in it. I covered it in a layer of compost bought from the shop. This may not be relevant, but my partner thinks I might have uncovered some dormant pathogen during this sieving process. 

2. By late Spring, something had taken hold among the weeds at the back of the garden (a dense thicket of green alkanet and comfrey). Initially it looked like whitefly and the honeydew they produce. Leaves became sticky, and then yellow, then brown and dry. It looked dusty, but not like photos of powdery mildew (I assumed this dust was dead whitefly - see image below for white specks). I didn't pay all that much attention to it at the time because I thought it was limited to the weeds at the back of my long narrow garden. 




3. My peas, towards the back of the garden suffered what looked like pea/bean blight. The leaves turned yellow and then a purply red. The stems looked like they were drying up, which was stopping water from getting to the rest of the pea plants, and very robust-looking broad bean plants turned black almost as soon as I planted them in the ground. Before long all my peas and beans died. 

Above: my last purple French bean, which I'd returned to a pot in the hope I could salvage it. I'm not sure if you can see from the image, but the brown patches on the leaves had a red/purple hue, making the plant look angry. I saw this in a number of other plants that became contaminated, especially the rocket, which was very red-orange. 

4. I tried to dispose of the contaminated leaves at the back as per the RHS website guidance for anything contaminated. In the process of pulling them up, I think I managed to spread the issue further down the garden. 

5. Plants in the beds at the side and front of the garden showed signs of contamination. What I'd thought was the indestructible lemon balm that I planted last year and had virtually taken over a whole bed died in the space of about two days. I moved everything into pots, in case it was the soil. 

Things continued to die so I consulted a professional gardener and shared these images...

Above: My woe-begotten parsnip. Hard to see from the picture, but this brown was an orangey colour. I thought perhaps it was rust. 

Above: A neighbour gave me a big tomato plant after seeing what bad luck I was having. It very quickly turned brown and floppy. 




Above: two courgettes that weren't meant to be. They also had some help from the rampant north London snails. You can see with the second image how the stems seem dried up and constricted from taking up water. This was a common sight, especially in the peas and lemon balm.

Above: Lettuce osterley that all turned brown and floppy


Above: The prodigious dahlia from last year turned black. I cut off diseased leaves and eventually disposed of the whole plant as I saw stems turning black. 


Above: A dandelion that had invaded a pot. It also turned a reddish colour. This is the only plant that was exhibiting obvious signs of powdery mildew, and this is why I think the diagnosis of powdery mildew was reached. 

6. After this, I disposed of virtually everything in the garden, including plants in pots, but in a few cases I cut back all the infected parts I could see on some plants that still looked healthy.

I've pretty much given up on the tragic garden and have a few things growing indoors. Today I noticed my remaining hanging basket strawberry is showing the symptoms, and it has been spreading fast in the the ivy that covers the fence. 



Above: strawberry leaves and stem arejust starting to show the signs. 

 



Sorry this is such a long post. As you may be able to tell, I'm slightly desperate! I put LOADS of work into the garden at the start of the year and invested quite a bit of my money given that it's a rented property. Now it's heartbreaking just venturing out to the garden. I'm also anxious that my landlord is going to ask for some answers about the state of the garden at some point. 

For the record, there are a few things that seem unaffected. It could be that they haven't been reached by the pathogen, or that they're immune:
  • Carrots 
  • Basil
  • Some tomatoes, although I've now brought all the remaining potted plants into my crowded kitchen.
  • Courgette & cucumber are showing the symptoms but some are still producing fruit. 
  • Bay tree
  • Olive tree
  • One tough little rosemary, although another seemed to be showing symptoms so I binned it. 

Thank you for reading. Any insights would be SO gratefully received. 

Posts

  • yorkshireroseyorkshirerose North YorkshirePosts: 574
    A gardener's work is never at an end  - (John Evelyn 1620-1706)
  • steephillsteephill Posts: 2,472
    Which brand of compost did you use? There have been a few posts here about composts contaminated by weedkiller so it is possible that this could be an issue for you to consider.
  • Thank you for the insight @steephill, I hadn't considered that.

    I used a mix, but mostly a couple of large bags from Homebase. I don't think it would be that as it was the weeds at the back that died first, and they weren't given any compost. Also two other people on the road have been using the exact same Homebase stuff (brought for us all during lockdown by a generous man on our road who works there) and their gardens are thriving! Thank you though  :)
  • @yorkshirerose - I didn't know that, thanks for the suggestion. I might just do that.
  • Lizzie27Lizzie27 SomersetPosts: 9,621
    Hello Jessica, I'm sorry you've had such problems, very disheartening I'm sure.
     It does look to me that your plants look sick because they've been sprayed with something, probably weedkiller - have you noticed any activity on the nearby marshes? Have the Council or your neighbours been spraying anything? The alternative is that you just happened to get a rogue batch of bought compost/topsoil which might also account for the damage. The constant rain wouldn't have helped in any case. I don't think you need to panic and I don't think it will spread to the neighbouring gardens. All you realistically do is wait and see what happens next. The RHS service is very good so that might be a good idea.

    I hope the situation improves.
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